Talking about the known "Fake News" is talking about something that has always existed. It is something that since the time of the Romans were created to leave in bad place people or even governments and empires.
But before venturing to continue writing on this topic, we will try to explain that it is really a "Fake News".
Currently, fake news is simply stories, reports or publications created on purpose by people who want to misinform and deceive readers. Its goal is often to promote a political intention, create confusion on a topic and even gain a profit for a business on the network.
False news reports are often highly misleading, deliberately created to look like a source of news and legitimate web addresses for gullible readers to be fooled. It should not be confused with the urban legends with which we grew up.
False news is designed to deceive and deceive.
And from this, why have they grown so much in recent years? Simply for the reason that every time we are becoming more digital, we seek information through the Internet and we are losing the power to know how to contrast the news, sometimes we even aggravate the problem by spreading it ourselves. The news abounds in social networks like Twitter and Facebook. A headline draws your attention, you click and read, then click and share. It's that fast and so easy.
For this reason we have to put the focus from schools and homes on a good digital education. Our students must not only develop critical thinking that makes them discern or refute a news found, but also know how to search the networks, identify real sources and know how to contrast the news in different media.
Some tips or recommendations that I give in my Digital Health workshops on this subject are the following.
First you must know that it is a reliable source and draw your conclusion. In journalism, people, institutions or documents backed by their credibility are considered 'reliable sources'. Although you can never be 100% sure that what a source says is completely true, they are looking for experts in their area.
If our students have recognized reliable sources and can access it to contrast these news, we already have part of the work.
But what else can we do to identify them?
We must read beyond the headline: a shocking and provocative headline could be just that. Read the full article before believing and sharing it.
Important to know the source: make sure that the website on which we are located is a real and legitimate source of news. Many fake news sites are designed to look like real ones, even with a URL that only one or two letters differ from its legitimate counterpart.
Check and check the date: Some articles may have been accurate when they were written, but after browsing the Internet for months or years, they are now outdated and inaccurate.
Question the intention: While reading an article, we must be careful with hidden intentions. Is the article designed to sell you something, to make you believe something? If so, they are probably false news.
Very important to try do our own fact checking. In other types of media we can rely on journalists to do this for us, but in the age of false news on social networks or similar media we have to be willing to do it ourselves.
If something seems incredible, it could be.
We can also rely on places on the network such as FactCheck.org, a fact-checking site on US policy or Snopes, a research page on urban legends. The latter is one of the most popular sites in the world to dismantle lies, rumors and false news.
And of course we also have accounts in social networks that are dedicated to this work. For example, there are existing Twitter accounts to hunt down false news and rumors circulating on the network. Among those accounts are @ElSabuesoAP, @Malditobulo, @elcazabulos, @yalochecaste, @vostSPAIN, @La_buloteca y @veri_ficado.
Now we know how to identify them?
Here you have a Kahoot already created to end the session with a little gamification and review the concepts seen.
In English: To play
In Spanish: To play